IETA is committed to the development of a wide range of reports, briefs, and policy analyses that add new facts and perspectives to the climate change debate.

IETA Greenhouse Gas Market 2015




The GHG Market 2015/16 report went to press in early November, emphasising the theme of “Making Waves”.  Our vision was positive, that messages emanating from Paris in support of carbon pricing could change the world. We stand in solidarity with those in Paris and around the world, mourning the events of 13 November. We intend to redouble our support for cooperation of governments and stakeholders to prove that dialogue and diplomacy are the strongest wave of the future, not violence and terror.


IETA is pleased to release the 12th Edition of Greenhouse Gas Market Report, entitled Making Waves.

If you have any questions about the publication, please do not hesitate to contact Katie Kouchakji (

The full GHG Market 2015 is available to download here alt.

The Executive Summary is available for download here alt.

 Full contents of GHG Market 2015: Making Waves





IETA expresses its gratitude to all authors who have contributed to this publication, to the editorial committee, and all others who have worked on the publication.


Jessica Butts, Delphi Group
Patrick Burgi, South Pole Group
Richard Gledhill, IETA Fellow
Rhey Lee, Climate Action Reserve
Russel Mills, DOW
Tanya Morrison, Shell
Charles Purshouse, Camco Clean Energy
Jennifer Smokelin, Reed Smith
Jon Williams, PwC


Katie Kouchakji


Hitman Creative Media Inc.


IETA would also like to thank our sponsors, Shell, AEP, AitherCO2, EcoWay, EEX and GLOBE Series.




Shell is a global group of energy and petrochemical companies. Our headquarters in The Hague, the Netherlands. The parent company of the Shell group is Royal Dutch Shell plc, which is incorporated in England and Wales. Our strategy seeks to reinforce our position as a leader in the oil and gas industry in order to provide a competitive shareholder return while helping to meet global energy demand in a responsible way. In Upstream, we focus on exploring for new oil and gas reserves and developing major projects where our technology and know-how adds value to the resource holders. In Downstream, our emphasis remains on sustained gas generation from our existing assets and selective investments in growth markets.

Contact: Tanya Morrison, Government Relations Manager,



American Electric Power

At American Electric Power (AEP),we dedicate ourselves to providing reliable, affordable service and shareholder value, with a continued focus on safety. AEP has a strong tradition of leadership, service and contributions to the communities we serve.  Our Mission: Bringing comfort to our customers, supporting business and commerce, and building strong communities.

We own nearly 38,000 megawatts of generating capacity, more than 40,000-miles of electricity transmission network, and more than 765 kilovolt extra-high voltage transmission lines than all other U.S. transmission systems combined. Our major businesses include regulated utility operations
, transmission
, power generation
, AEP energy partners
, and river operations

AEP is one of the largest electric utilities in the U.S., serving over 5 million customers in 11 states.

Contact: Dale E. Heydlauff, Vice President-Corporate Communications,




AitherCO2 is a provider of financial services to the world’s environmental and energy markets offering consultancy and trading solutions supporting companies subject to compliance as well as in the voluntary sector.

AitherCO2 was founded by a group of professionals active in the financial sector and in particular in the commodity and environmental markets.

We support companies subject to regulatory obligations as well as those operating voluntarily in the environmental markets to deal with administration, deadlines, registries, regulation changes and balance sheet optimization of allocated units. We provide market access for industrial and aviation clients both on the regulated exchanges as well as through our vast counterparty network

Contact: Jacopo Visetti, Carbon Trading and Finance,




EcoWay is a global consulting firm in the field of climate change. Our goal is simple: to help our clients improve their performance and competitiveness through the management of CO2 as a commodity.

Thanks to our team of professionals, EcoWay has developed a specific, multidisciplinary know-how regarding the integrated policies for the correct application of the rules of the Kyoto Protocol and of Emissions Trading, as well as the positioning strategies for companies on green issues, both in terms of brand and product.

In order to ensure this approach, EcoWay has built partnerships with national and international companies and organisations in the financial, scientific research, marketing and communication sectors.

Contact: Andrea Ronchi, Business Development Manager,



European Energy Exchange (EEX)

European Energy Exchange (EEX) is the leading energy exchange in Europe. It develops, operates and connects secure, liquid and transparent markets for energy and related products on which power, natural gas, CO2 emission allowances, coal and guarantees of origin are traded. Clearing and settlement of all trading transactions are provided by the clearing house European Commodity Clearing (ECC).

EEX continuously broadens its product range to include further products and services. Through its shareholding in Cleartrade Exchange (CLTX), it additionally offers the markets for freight, iron ore, fuel oil and fertilisers. EEX is a member of Eurex Group.

Contact: Katrin Berken, Head of Corporate Communications & Marketing,

Globe Series

Globe Series

For the past 25 years, the GLOBE™ Series has served as the nexus for global networking and leadership on the business of the environment.

GLOBE 2016 Conference & Innovation Expo (GLOBE 2016), is the next GLOBE event within the iconic GLOBE Series, North America’s largest and longest-running Conference and Exposition series dedicated to business innovation for the planet. A world-leading sustainability GLOBE Conference coupled with an exciting GLOBE Innovation Exposition, GLOBE™ is about relationship building to fuel your business. It’s about thinking outside the box. It’s where leaders come to devise winning strategies to conserve resources, ignite innovation, and develop ideas and partnerships that help them be more resilient, more efficient, and reduce risk.

Contact: Mike Gerbis, CEO,




AEP ad

IETA's 2015 GHG Market Sentiment Survey

IETA’s annual Market Sentiment Survey 2015


You can also find IETA's GHG Market Sentiment Survey Presentation here 

BARCELONA26 May – Respondents to IETA’s annual market sentiment survey expect European carbon prices to rise for the first time in four years. 

This years survey, conducted again by PwC, found that respondents expect the average Phase III EUA price to be €10.79 – up from €8 last year, and the first rise since 2011. Prices between 2020 and 2030 are expected to average €18.40, according to the survey of IETA’s members.
This 10th edition of IETA’s annual market sentiment survey found that respondents see a lower carbon price needed to drive low-carbon investment than five years ago, averaging €29.60 now compared with two-thirds saying a price of €40 or more is needed in 2010. 
However, unsurprisingly, an overwhelming number of respondents (88%) see carbon markets as an effective policy instrument – with 58% saying markets are the most effective driver of low-carbon investment, up from 36% in 2010. 
The Paris climate talks will lead to an expansion of global carbon markets, according to 58% of respondents – with strong growth seen in Asia and North America in particular. Notably, all respondents expect China to have a national ETS, with 64% expecting the market to be implemented by 2020.

“This year’s survey is a sign that, after a few years of crisis and reform, market participants see a stronger EU ETS in the future, and that sentiment is increasingly positive around the world,” says Dirk Forrister, CEO and President of IETA. 

“Recent years have seen a burst of activity in new market development, which is reflected in the survey. The message for Paris is that markets matter – and the challenge for policymakers is to bring together all these bottom-up efforts and find a way to make the links between domestic actions and international contributions.”

“Carbon market sentiment is on the rise for the first time in years,” says Jonathan Grant, director of PwC’s climate and sustainability practice. “It may seem obvious that IETA members would give this endorsement, but after years of low prices and policy turmoil in carbon markets around the world, business is still saying that market-based approaches are the most effective.”

He adds: “On Paris, there’s a big gap between the members’ ideal outcome and their actual expectations – few expect legally binding targets.  The IETA survey sends a clear signal to governments that the Paris agreement should accelerate the use of markets nationally and internationally.”

The survey report will be released at a press conference at Carbon Expo in Barcelona on 26 May at 9am CET. Hard copies will be available at the press conference and it can also be downloaded from the IETA website. 

IETA Market Provisions for the 2015 Agreement - Straw Proposal
IETA released its ‘market provisions for the Paris 2015 Climate Agreement’ policy briefing ahead of COP 20 in Lima.  


IETA’s Straw Proposal on “Market Provisions for the Paris 2015 Climate Agreement is available here for download
IETA COP20 Lima Summary

Please click here to download a full debrief and summary of the outcomes of the COP20 in Lima and activities to look out for in 2015. It also includes a summary of some of the events that took place at the IETA COP20 Pavilion.

IETA Greenhouse Gas Market 2014

November 2014

IETA is pleased to release the 11th Edition of Greenhouse Gas Market Report, entitled Markets Matter.
 The publication brings together carbon market professionals, policy-makers, academics and NGOs to provide in-depth analysis and perspectives on the main issues affecting carbon policy worldwide – including a scene-setter by UNFCCC Executive Secretary Christiana Figueres.

IETA is global in its outreach and the publication features latest developments and best practice in current and emerging carbon markets, as well as taking a step back to consider the wider implications of climate policy design and implementation. This year’s report is structured around three main themes where markets matter: climate finance, low-carbon technology and emissions trading.

IETA expresses its gratitude to all authors who have contributed to this publication, to the editorial committee, and all others who have worked on the publication.

IETA would also like to thank our sponsors, AEP, AitherCO2, EcoWay and EEX.

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If you have any questions about the publication, please do not hesitate to contact Katie Kouchakji (

The full GHG Market 2014 is available to download here alt.

The Executive Summary is available for download here alt.



Full contents of GHG Market 2014: Markets Matter

Opening Statement – Dirk Forrister, President and CEO, IETA

Setting the stage for Paris – Christiana Figueres, UNFCCC Executive Secretary

Facilitating Linkage of Varying Climate Policies through a Future International Agreement – Daniel Bodansky, Seth Hoedl, Gilbert Metcalf and Robert Stavins, Harvard Project on Climate Agreements

Changing the Terms of Energy Trade and Investment: Components of a 2015 Climate Agreement – David Hone, IETA International Working Group and Shell

IETA's 2014 GHG Market Sentiment Survey

IETA’s annual Market Sentiment Survey finds high expectations for markets in 2015 deal


COLOGNE, 28 May, 2014 – An overwhelming majority of IETA members expect carbon markets to have a role in an international climate change deal, expected to be agreed in Paris next year, according to IETA’s ninth annual Market Sentiment Survey (available here).

Over 80% of respondents to this year’s survey, conducted by PwC, expect the Paris 2015 climate agreement to pave the way for more carbon markets globally, with the potential to link them in the future. Around two-thirds of respondents (63%) believe that the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) will continue on in some form, with most of those replying think it is likely to be reformed.

COP 19 Brief

December 2013

COP 19 showed us that much more work is needed to make the links between finance and markets in order to spur private sector investment onto a 2 degrees pathway.

The 19th Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP) and the 9th Conference serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP) were held in Warsaw, from 11-22 November (although it spilled over to Saturday 23 November). This was also the 2nd official meeting of the Ad Hoc Working Group for the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP). The first week of the negotiations also saw the 39th meetings of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI) and Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA) convene. Both the SBI and the SBSTA continue to be technical forums to work out the details of UNFCCC architecture on issues as far ranging as market mechanisms, adaptation and REDD+.

Download IETA's full debrief report .

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